An abandoned application is, inter alia, one which is removed from the Office docket of pending applications:
- (A) through formal abandonment by the applicant or by the attorney or agent of record;
- (B) through failure of applicant to take appropriate action at some stage in the prosecution of a nonprovisional application;
- (C) for failure to pay the issue fee (MPEP § 711 to § 711.05); or
- (D) in the case of a provisional application, no later than 12 months after the filing date of the provisional application (see MPEP § 711.03(c) and 35 U.S.C. 111(b)(5)).